As the world's population becomes increasingly urbanized, researchers and agencies have devoted increasing attention to understanding travel patterns in urban areas. Many of the existing data topics (temporal, spatial, travel survey) overlap with urban data as they are all various facets of the data needed for local governments and MPOs to make decisions about how to invest in infrastructure. The purpose of this page is to tie together some of the concepts of other data and models to bridge the gaps between the problems urban planners seek to solve, the models available to study these problems, and the data both necessary and available to answer questions related to urban travel.
We have attempted to link the relevant data types to the pages with more information on how that data might be used. We have also included links to key resources at the top of this page.
Members and Friends of the TRB Committee on Urban Transportation Data and Information Systems (ABJ30) have compiled a list of commonly used data sources and tools. In compiling the content for this section, we went with data sources and tools that we regularly use or are exploring. We have included links to resources that we have found helpful. We also have included some information about emerging trends and issues to consider with respect to some of these data sources. Please also check out our TRB Committee website at http://www.trburbandata.org/.
This section was never intended to be an all-inclusive inventory, so if you notice a particular data source or related tool is missing, we hope that you'll add it in! We also welcome additional details regarding trends and emerging issues.
# Data Topics
|Date Type or Name||Brief Summary||Sources for More information||Related Pages on tfresource|
|Big Data||Large-Scale Passively Collected Urban Transportation Data||Big Data|
|Bike/Ped Data||Count data, demographic data, and spatial details about non--motorized travel.||https://sites.google.com/site/bikepeddata/||Bike/Ped Data|
|ACS/Census and Employment Data||Population, employment and travel data gathered in 1-year, 5-year, or 10-year surveys.||http://www.census.gov/ http://www.trbcensus.com/||Census and Employment Data|
|Health and Transportation Data||Data linking health and transportation planning efforts.||http://www.trbhealth.org/home||Health and Transportation Data|
|Open Data Sources||Open data sources.||Open Data Sources|
|Safety Data||Safety data used in urban areas||Safety Data|
|Traffic Monitoring Data||Traffic/Congestion Data||Traffic Data|
|Transit Data||Transit Data||Transit Data|
|Travel Behavior Data||Travel behavior data (including emerging trends)||Travel Behavior Data|
|Travel Time Speed and Reliability Data||Travel Time Speed and Reliability Data||http://sites.google.com/site/trbttsr/||Travel Time Speed and Reliability Data|
|Example Data||Example Summary||Example Sources||Ex links to related pages|
The following are good places to go for more information about various types of data:
1. Regional Travel Surveys www.surveyarchive.org
2. University of Missouri Census Data Center
3. University of Minnesota’s NHGIS